Virginia: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. The content of lessons may be differentiated based on what students already know. response to intervention [2] Differentiated classrooms have also been described as ones that respond to student variety in readiness levels, interests, and learning profiles. Some students in a class may be completely unfamiliar with the concepts in a lesson, some students may have partial mastery of the content - or display mistaken ideas about the content, and some students may show mastery of the content before the lesson begins. 25 FUN FAMILY NIGHT IDEAS! Differentiated instruction is a strategy All rights reserved. Others prefer to watch a video, listen to a recording, or dig into hands-on activities. Teachers already spend about eight hours of teaching each day at school, not to mention multiple hours spent on lesson planning, grading, school district meetings, parent-teacher conferences, emails, and so much more. The teacher may differentiate the content by designing activities for groups of students that cover different areas of Bloom's taxonomy. They use different texts, novels, or short stories at a reading level appropriate for each individual student. These might sound simple, but they can help students feel more at ease which will help them complete the task more efficiently and accurately. There’s the speed of light and the speed of sound. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. But it doesn’t require an individual approach for each student. Differentiated Instruction is most effective in classrooms with a wide range of intellectual capabilities and learning styles. That would be frustrating, right? That understanding evolves as the course continues, as the child develops, and as parents contribute to teachers' understanding. Students also have an opportunity to seek help from the teacher instead of waiting to get their questions answered upon return to school. According to Carol Ann Tomlinson,[24] most parents are eager for their students to learn, grow, succeed and feel accepted in school. What is most likely to change in a differentiated classroom is how students gain access to core learning.” Below we’ve gathered a list of 50 differentiation strategies. Gardner, H. (1983). Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. It doesn’t replace the goals and objectives in a child’s (2007). Consistent program review and diagnosis of whole-class and individual student responses not only provides ongoing feedback to enhance teaching and learning for teachers but students and parents as well. Both can achieve success on their own terms and based on their own goals. By varying assessment methods, you allow students of all learning types to demonstrate mastery, express their creativity, and further their knowledge. Teachers observe students carefully and reflect on activities completed in class and assignments set in order to design experiences that match the learning styles of the class and as well the differing levels of ability and understanding. Differentiated Instruction is most effective in classrooms with a wide range of intellectual capabilities and learning styles. That includes students who have Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) or 504 plans. Some may work best when engaged in group work, while you may find others that perform best when working on their own. But the teaching approach varies depending on how students prefer to learn. Assessment of learning is the culminating task or summative assessment, which takes place after the learning has occurred and students can show what concepts and/or skills they learned. [10] This might reach more students and improve content retention. Classtime can help you get started with differentiated instruction in the classroom today: The easiest way to learn more is to start a session of your own and take the tour. Grouping students by their learning styles is another way to differentiate instruction within the classroom. Tomlinson, C. A. [1] Students vary in culture, socioeconomic status, language, gender, motivation, ability/disability, learning styles, personal interests and more, and teachers must be aware of these varieties as they plan in accordance with the curricula. This can include teaching students in small groups or in one-on-one sessions. This is why differentiated instruction is important. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. [10] This is important when looking at how students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways. If they’ve found success with that goal, then, consequently, they’ve learned something. Fulfilling the promise of the differentiated classroom: Strategies and tools for responsive teaching. By considering varied learning needs, teachers can develop personalized instruction so that all children in the classroom can learn effectively. That’s okay. History of differentiated instruction The roots of differentiated instruction go all the way back to the days of the one-room schoolhouse, where one teacher had students of all ages in one classroom. to ensure that every student masters any given concept, no matter his or her learning style. Each student learns differently, but they all need to learn something. With differentiation, teachers recognize their students as individuals with varying needs and provide them with more options for learning. Struggling students are given extra support before they fall behind their peers. Kind of? Intermingled groups allows for more collaboration between students. [22] The learning environment includes the physical layout of the classroom, the way that the teacher uses the space, environmental elements and sensitivities including lighting, as well as the overall atmosphere of the classroom. Regardless of whether the differentiation of instruction is based upon student readiness, interests, or needs, the dynamic flow of grouping and regrouping is one of the foundations of differentiated instruction. Organize your classroom into flexible workstations. & McTighe, J. Remember, it’s important to keep your eyes and ears open when using differentiated instruction.

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